Course syllabus for

Radiographic methodology 2, 7.5 credits

Radiografisk metodik 2, 7.5 hp
This course syllabus is valid from autumn 2016.
Please note that the course syllabus is available in the following versions:
Course code
Course name
Radiographic methodology 2
7.5 credits
Form of Education
Higher Education, study regulation 2007
Main field of study 
G2 - First cycle 2 
Grading scale
Fail (U), pass (G) or pass with distinction (VG)
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology
Decided by
Programnämnden för röntgensjuksköterskprogrammet
Decision date
Revised by
Education committee Clintec
Last revision
Course syllabus valid from
Autumn 2016

Specific entry requirements

To be qualified to a higher semester, it is required that the student has taken at least 15 ECT credits from last semester, and all credits from previous semesters.


On completion of the course, the student should be able to: 

  • Account for the technical and physical principles of computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medical techniques (PET and SPECT the gamma camera) and ultrasound equipment and relate these to patient protection, image quality and artifacts
  • Explain and discuss factors in the image process that influences the image quality at a radiography
  • Explain the connection between exposure parameters and type of examination or patient size.
  • Explain how and why different factors influence the amount of scattered radiation and discuss effect on image quality and radiation doses
  • Describe how digital images are constructed and explain the connection between the histograms and detector dose of an image
  • Relate setting parameters in the X-ray and computer tomography to a specific examination and patient size
  • Explain central concepts within basic nuclear physics such as radioactive decay, radioactivity, half-life and the interaction of charged particles
  • Comparing the various modalities for diagnostic possibilities based on the latest scientific literature 


The course comprises the technical imaging equipment that is on a modern x-ray laboratory
The course deals with physical factors affecting image quality and radiation doses, to patients and staff, in X-ray examinations. The course also comprises the technical and physical principles of other common modality within image and functional medicine such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, mammography, analysis, nuclear medical technologies and ultrasound equipment aswell as a review of recent methodological developments described in the literature.

Teaching methods

The course is carried out with a number of lectures. The course also includes compulsory laboratory sessions.

In case of absence from compulsory course elements, the student is responsible to contact the course coordinator for complementary assignments. The course coordinator decides whether, and if so how, absence from compulsory course elements can be made up. Study results cannot be reported until the student has participated in compulsory course elements or compensated for any absence in accordance with instructions from the course coordinator. Absence from a compulsory course element could mean that the student cannot retake the element until the next time the course is offered.


The course is examined through a written examination. Furthermore, submitted and approved laboratory reports are required.

The student is entitled to a total of six test occasions to get passed.

In connection to the course three occasions will be given One within the course, two occasions at future re-examinations. In some cases, it is required that the student submits an exemption application before he/she has the results of his/her latest completed examination. Three more opportunities are provided according to the same set-up when the course is given next time.

If the course is examined by a extern exam, or other assignments with deadlines, a latest submission date is given at the introduction of the course. In cases where a completion is required a new date for latest submission is set. If the requirements for submission are not fulfilled the student is given the opportunity to submit the exam or the assignment at the next time course is given. Reasons for not meeting deadlines may be taken under consideration by examiner. 

Transitional provisions

The student may be examined under a previous syllabus within a year after the date when a close-down or major changes of the course was decided.

Other directives

Course evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the guidelines established by the Board of Education at Karolinska Institutet.

Literature and other teaching aids

Berglund, Eva; Jönsson, Bo-Anders Medicinsk fysik
Fosbinder, Robert.; Orth, Denise. Essentials of radiologic science
Isaksson, Mats Grundläggande strålningsfysik Lund, Annika